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Listi yfir brúarsmíðar sem taka þátt í JAL Waddell

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JAL Waddell

Listinn yfir brúarsmíðar með þátttöku JAL Waddell sýnir tímaröðina brúarsmíðaverkefnin þar sem John Alexander Low Waddell (1854–1938) tók verulega þátt í um það bil 50 ára ferli sínum.

Waddell upphaflega sérhæft sig í stál brýr truss , í sem hann felldar á sveifla brú ef nauðsynlegar fyrir skipaumferð. Á níunda áratugnum þróaði hann hönnun lyftibrúa þar sem hægt var að lyfta hreyfanlegum brúarbelti lárétt með mótvigtum þannig að einnig væri hægt að fara stór seglskip með háu möstrum sínum. Einkennandi eiginleiki þeirrar hönnunar sem notuð er til þessa dags eru hliðargrindarturnar með trissur festar að toppnum, þar sem kapalkerfi gerir brúarbeltum og lóðum kleift að hreyfast í gagnstæða átt. Hann áttaði sig á fyrstu lyftubrú sinni árið 1894 með South Halsted Street Lift Bridge í Chicago , en það var ekki fyrr en 1910 sem þessi hönnun varð sífellt vinsælli. Vegna stöðugrar þróunar á hönnuninni og einkaleyfi á uppfinningum hans, varð hann ekki aðeins leiðandi sérfræðingur á þessu sviði, heldur gat hann einnig mætt vaxandi eftirspurn eftir lyftibrúm - sveiflubrýr með aðallega miðlægar stoðir þeirra tákna takmörkun fyrir siglingar - með verkfræðistofum sínum líka að ná ákveðinni einokunarstöðu í brúargerð. Waddell og félagar hannuðu yfir 70 lyftibrýr í Bandaríkjunum og Kanada. Sá síðasti og stærsti sem hann tók þátt í var gerður út árið 1937 í New York borg með Marine Parkway - Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge , með hreyfanlegum brúarbakka sem var 165 metrar. Lengsta lyftibrú í heimi er aðeins fimm metrum lengri og var byggð seint á fimmta áratugnum með Arthur Kill lóðréttri lyftubrú milli New York og New Jersey . Til viðbótar við margar trussbrýrnar og allar algengar gerðir hreyfanlegra brúa , hannaði Waddell einnig nokkrar boga- og hengibrýr , þar á meðal Anthony Wayne Bridge (1931) í Toledo með þvermál 382 metra.

Samstarf

Ira G. Hedrick
John L. Harrington

Eftir nám við Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute undir stjórn William Hubert Burr og lengri dvöl í Japan stofnaði Kanadamaðurinn fyrstu verkfræðistofu sína í Kansas City árið 1887. Að undanskildri fyrstu lyftubrú sinni árið 1894 hannaði hann aðallega trussbrýr með sveiflubrúum í Bandaríkjunum, sem þá voru meðal þeirra lengstu með færanlegri brúarbelti. Frá 1899 til 1907 fór hann í samstarf við Ira Grant Hedrick (1868-1937) og næstu ár með John Lyle Harrington (1868-1942). Samstarfið sem Waddell & Harrington stóð aðeins í um átta ár en það er einn afkastamesti áfangi ferils hans. Árið 1915 höfðu þeir byggt yfir 30 lyftibrýr í Bandaríkjunum og Kanada og þróað stöðugt hönnunina, sem Harrington, sem meðeinkaleyfishafi, notaði einnig í arftaki fyrirtækisins Harrington, Howard & Ash . Frá 1916 til 1920 rak Waddell verkfræðistofu með syni sínum í Kansas City og fór síðan til New York borgar , þar sem hann vann einn aftur til 1926. Með Shortridge Hardesty (1884-1956) stofnaði hann síðan Waddell & Hardesty árið 1927, sem eftir dauða Waddell 1938 starfaði áfram undir þessu nafni til 1945 og hefur síðan haldið áfram sem Hardesty & Hanover með höfuðstöðvar í New York borg. [1] [2]

Tímabil fyrirtæki félagi Arftaki fyrirtækisins
1887-1899 JAL Waddell , ráðgjafarverkfræðingur
(1854–1938)
- -
1899-1907 Waddell & Hedrick , ráðgjafarverkfræðingar Ira Grant Hedrick
(1868–1937)
Hedrick & Cochrane 1
1907-1915 Waddell & Harrington , ráðgjafarverkfræðingar John Lyle Harrington
(1868–1942)
Harrington, Howard og Ash 2
1916-1920 Waddell & Son , ráðgjafarverkfræðingar Needham Everett Waddell
(1884–1927)
-
1921-1926 JAL Waddell , ráðgjafarverkfræðingur
(1854–1938)
- -
1927-1945 Waddell & Hardesty , ráðgjafarverkfræðingar Shortridge Hardesty
(1884-1956)
Hardesty & Hanover 3
1 Með Victor H. Cochrane
2 Með Ernest E. Howard og Louis R. Ash, síðan 1941 Howard, Needles, Tammen & Bergendoff (HNTB) með Enoch Needles, Henry C. Tammen og Ruben Bergendoff
3 Með Clinton Hanover

Tímarit brúarsmíði

Listinn er ekki ætlaður til að vera tæmandi og byggist fyrst og fremst á útgáfu William E. Nyman (2002) um framlag Waddell til þróunar lyftibrúa. [2] Sem starfsmaður Hardesty & Hanover segist Nyman hafa aðgang að víðtækum fyrirtækjaskjölum frá þeim tíma sem Waddell var starfandi, en bendir á að vegna mikils fjölda brúa sem byggðar voru fyrir meira en hundrað árum síðan og fyrir þar sem ekki öll skjöl hafa staðist tímans tönn, heill tímaröð er ekki möguleg. Að auki takmarkar Nyman sig við að byggja brýr með lyftubrú. Það er svipuð skjöl eftir Justin M. Spivey og Haven Hawley (2001), sem gefa skráningu frá tíma Waddell & Harrington sem hluti af HAER IL-156 fyrir Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne og Chicago Railway Bridges . [3] Bæði verkin vísa einnig til eigin rit Waddell, sérstaklega til tveggja binda verksins Bridge Engineering frá 1916, þar sem hann gefur yfirlit yfir verk sín án þess að tilgreina nákvæmlega tíma. [4] Framkvæmdaverkefni frá samstarfinu þar sem Waddell & Hedrick eru að miklu leyti fengnar úr ævisögulegum ritgerðum um Ira G. Hedrick. [5] [6] Aðeins voru með brýr sem, auk ofangreindra skráninga, er einnig hægt að vísa í með öðrum eða óháðum útgáfum, HAER skjölum eða áreiðanlegum heimildum á netinu. Ef Waddell eða verkfræðistofa hans skoðaði aðeins áætlanir annarra verkfræðinga eða starfaði aðeins með ráðgjöf um framkvæmdirnar (tilnefndar sem undirráðgjafi hjá Nyman), voru þessar brýr ekki á þessum lista.

  • Nafn: Nafn brúarinnar samkvæmt lemma í þýsku Wikipedia .
  • Frágangur: ár frá lokum brúarinnar. Upphaf áætlanagerðar og framkvæmda sem og skuldbinding Waddell getur verið nokkrum árum fyrr, upplýsingar má finna í helstu greinum eða einstökum sönnunargögnum. Þegar um er að ræða fyrri byggingar er ár upphaflegu byggingarinnar gefið upp í sviga hér að ofan og þegar um nýbyggingar er að ræða eða brúin er tekin úr eða rifin er samsvarandi ár gefið upp í sviga hér að neðan.
  • brúað: Nafn árinnar eða dalsins eða gljúfursins sem brúin spannar. Ef dalurinn hefur ekkert nafn er þetta merkt með N / A ( ekki fáanlegt ).
  • Staðsetning: Borg eða sýsla þar sem brúin er staðsett eða tengir hana.
  • Tegund brúar : byggingarform brúarinnar . Sumar brýr eru samsetningar af nokkrum mismunandi mannvirkjum og að auki er hægt að samþætta hreyfanlega brúarhluta . Að jafnaði er ekki tekið tillit til girðingarbrúa fyrir innkeyrslur.
  • Notkun: Notist sem járnbrautarbrú eða vegbrú (að hluta til sem sambland af umferðarleiðum).
  • Hreyfanlegur hluti: Byggingarform samþættra hreyfanlegra brúarhluta, ef einhver er.
  • Lengd hreyfanlegur hluti: Spennu hreyfanlegrar brúhluta.
  • Heildarlengd: Heildarlengd brúarinnar milli viðlegna , venjulega með aðkomuvegum.
  • Viðskiptavinur: Fyrirtæki eða yfirvald sem Waddell eða verkfræðistofa hans hefur ráðið.
  • Waddell fyrirtæki / framlag: Tegund Waddell þátttöku í framkvæmdunum. I. d. Drögin koma venjulega frá ráðgjafarverkfræðingum Waddell, en voru að mestu leyti útfærð undir stjórn yfirverkfræðings framkvæmdafyrirtækisins.
  • Áhugasamir verkfræðingar / fyrirtæki: Þekktir verkfræðingar og arkitektar sem taka þátt í byggingarverkefninu sem og framkvæmdarfélagið (ef það er þekkt).

Upplýsingarnar um brýr sem hafa ekki enn grein í þýsku-Wikipedia eru vísaðar í einstakar færslur sem eru taldar upp undir Nafn . Ef ekki er vísað til einstakra upplýsinga í töflunni í gegnum aðalgreinina eru gefnar fleiri einstakar tilvísanir á viðkomandi stað.

mynd Eftirnafn frágangi brúað staðsetning Tegund brúar nota hreyfanlegur hluti Lengd hreyfanlegur hluti heildarlengd Viðskiptavinur Fyrirtæki/
Framlag Waddell
Áhugasamir verkfræðingar /
Fyrirtæki
Nálar, Colorado River, Arizona (NYPL b12647398-62173) cut.jpg Red Rock Bridge [7] 1890
(1976)
Colorado áin Nálar ,
Arizona
Truss - Gerber girder bridge járnbraut
(frá 1947 götu)
- - 0 302 m Atlantic and Pacific Railroad drög Phoenix Bridge fyrirtæki
Illinois Central Missouri River Bridge, 2020.jpg Illinois Central Missouri River Bridge [8] 1893
(1903)
Missouri River Omaha , Nebraska - Council Bluffs , Iowa Truss brú járnbraut Sveiflubrú 159 m 0 488 m Omaha Bridge og Terminal Railway Co. Teikning og matreiðsla. Phoenix Bridge fyrirtæki
Halsted Street Lift Bridge (NBY 416441) .jpg Lyftibrú South Halsted Street [9] 1894
(1932)
Chicago River Chicago ,
Illinois
Truss brú vegi Lyftibrú 0 40 m ? Framkvæmdastjóri opinberra framkvæmda í Chicago
( J. Frank Aldrich )
drög WW Curtis
(Pittsburg Bridge Company)
FYRIR tuttugustu aldar útsýni yfir brúna (máluð silfur) FRÁ PROSPECT HILL. - Pacific Shortline Bridge, Bandaríkjunum Leið 20, sem spannar Missouri River, Sioux City, Woodbury HAER IOWA, 97-SIOCI, 1-100 (klippt) .jpg Pacific Shortline Bridge [10] 1896
(1980)
Missouri River Sioux City ,
Iowa
Truss brú Járnbraut,
vegi
Sveiflubrú 143 m
143 m
0 591 m Combination Bridge Company Teikning og matreiðsla. Phoenix Bridge Company ,
Sooysmith & Company
Missouri River brú frá Callaway til Cole County, 1951.jpg Jefferson City Bridge [11] 1896
(1955)
Missouri River Jefferson City ,
Missouri
Truss brú vegi Sveiflubrú 134 m 0 532 m Jefferson borg drög AJ Tullock
(Missouri Valley Bridge og Iron Co.)
Piney Creek búkur [12] 1900 Piney Creek Cumberland County - Roane County , Tennessee Trestle Bridge járnbraut - - 0 429 m Tennessee Central Railway Waddell og Hedrick Naugle, Holcomb & Co.
Lexington Avenue Bridge [13] 1901 N / A Kansas City (Missouri) Trestle Bridge vegi - - 0 118 m Central Electric Railroad Co. Waddell og Hedrick
Maumee.jpg Upper Maumee River Swing Bridge [14] 1902
(2018)
Maumee River Saint Charles (Missouri) Truss brú járnbraut Sveiflubrú 0 76 m 0 442 m Toledo Terminal Railroad Waddell og Hedrick American Bridge Company
East Omaha Swing Bridge.jpg Illinois Central Missouri River Bridge [8] (1893)
1903
Missouri River Omaha , Nebraska - Council Bluffs , Iowa Truss brú járnbraut Sveiflubrú
(2. sveiflubrú eftir að farvegur árinnar hefur verið breytt)
159 m 0 488 m Aðaljárnbraut Illinois Waddell og Hedrick American Bridge Company
Pattullo og New Westminster Bridges.jpg Nýja Westminster járnbrautarbrúin [15] 1904 Fraser River New Westminster ,
breska Kólumbía
Truss brú Járnbraut,
vegi
Sveiflubrú 116 m 0 543 m Province of British Columbia, deild. af landi og verkum Waddell og Hedrick Armstrong, Morrison og Balfour,
Dominion Bridge Company
Chimney Creek brúin í smíðum.jpg Chimney Creek Bridge [16] 1904
(1961)
Fraser River Williams Lake, Breska Kólumbía Hengibrú vegi - - 0 232 m Province of British Columbia, Dept. af landi og verkum Waddell og Hedrick
Útsýni sem sýnir suðurhlið brúar, horfir í norðvestur frá austurbakka árinnar - Old St. Charles Bridge, á leið 115, Saint Charles, St. Charles County, MO (klippt) .jpg Gamla Karlsbrúin [17] 1904
(1998)
Missouri River Saint Charles (Missouri) Truss brú vegi - - 0 876 m St. Charles og St. Louis County Bridge Company Waddell og Hedrick Midland Bridge Company
Quality-i70.jpg Intercity Viaduct [18] 1907 Kansas River Kansas City, Missouri - Kansas City, Kansas Viaduct úr stáli með trussbrú vegi - - 1151 m Kansas City Viaduct & Terminal Railway Co. Waddell og Hedrick Ritler-Conley framleiðslufyrirtæki
North 23st Street Bridge [19] 1909 Buckley Gulch Tacoma ,
Washington
Girðbrú
(Styrkt steypa)
vegi - - 0 0 95 m Borgin Tacoma Waddell og Harrington Creelman, Putnam og Healy
North 21st Street Bridge.jpg North 21st Street Bridge [20] 1910 Buckley Gulch Tacoma ,
Washington
Girðbrú
(Styrkt steypa)
vegi - - 0 0 55 m Borgin Tacoma Waddell og Harrington Creelman, Putnam og Healy
Keithsburg járnbrautarbrú [21] (1886)
1910
(1981)
Mississippi -áin
(Aðalarmur)
Keithsburg ,
Illinois
Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 71 m 0 702 m Iowa Central Railway Waddell og Harrington
Black Hawk Chute Bridge [22] (1886)
1910
(1981)
Mississippi -áin
(Útibú
Black Hawk Chute )
Keithsburg ,
Illinois
Girðbrú járnbraut - - 0 459 m Iowa Central Railway Waddell og Harrington McClintic-Marshall Company ,
Union Bridge & Construction Co.
Sandpoint Bridge, 1912.jpg Lake Pend Oreille brúin [23] 1910
(1934)
Lake Pend Oreille Sandpunktur ,
Idaho
Truss and Trestle Bridge vegi Lyftibrú
(Truss)
0 15 m 3158 m Bonner -sýsla Waddell og Harrington
(Drög að lyftibrú)
Hawthorne Bridge (Portland, Oregon) frá suðvestri, 2012.jpg Hawthorne Bridge [24] (1900)
1910
Willamette áin Portland, Oregon Truss brú vegi Lyftibrú 0 74 m 0 422 m Borgin Portland Waddell og Harrington Robert Wakefield & Company,
Sameinað verkfræði- og byggingarfyrirtæki
Tehama lyftubrú [25] 1911
(1977)
Sacramento River Tehama ,
Kaliforníu
Truss brú vegi Lyftibrú 0 51 m 0 321 m Verkfræðideild Kaliforníu, þjóðvegasvið Waddell og Harrington Pacific Construction Co.
Delcambre Canal Railroad Bridge.jpg Delcambre Canal Railroad Bridge [26] 1911 Delcambre skurður Delcambre (Louisiana) Girðbrú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 15 m um 30 m Morgan's Louisiana og Texas Railroad and Steamship Company Waddell og Harrington American Bridge Company
Asb-bridge.jpg ASB brú 1911 Missouri River Kansas City (Missouri) Truss brú Járnbraut,
vegi
Lyftibrú með sjónauka 130 m 0 391 m
(Járnbraut)
Union Depot, Bridge og Terminal Railway Company Waddell og Harrington McClintic-Marshall fyrirtækið
LillooetBC (klippt) .jpg Lillooet hengibrú [27] (1889)
1911
Fraser River Lillooet (Breska Kólumbía) Hengibrú vegi - - 0 160 m Province of British Columbia, deild. af landi og verkum Waddell og Harrington
Atriði CVA 371-261 - Davis fleki af trjábolum undir Cambie Street Bridge.jpg Cambie Street Bridge [28] (1891)
1911
(1985)
False Creek Vancouver ,
breska Kólumbía
Viaduct úr stáli með trussbrú vegi Sveiflubrú 0 80 m 1035 m Borgin Vancouver Waddell og Harrington
Steel-bridge-800x600.JPG Stálbrú [29] (1888)
1912
Willamette áin Portland, Oregon Truss brú Járnbraut,
vegi
Lyftibrú 0 64 m 0 244 m
(Járnbraut)
Union Pacific Railroad ,
Járnbrautar- og siglingafyrirtæki Oregon-Washington
Waddell og Harrington American Bridge Company
CRH Sandy River Bridge - Troutdale Oregon.jpg Troutdale Sandy River Bridge [30] 1912 Sandy River (Columbia River) Troutdale, Oregon Truss brú vegi - - 0 111 m Multnomah sýsla Waddell og Harrington Oregon Bridge & Construction Co.,
Northwest Steel Company
Fort Smith-Van Buren Free Bridge.jpg Fort Smith - Van Buren Free Bridge [31] 1912
(1969)
Arkansas River Van Buren, Arkansas - Fort Smith (Arkansas) Truss brú vegi Lyftibrú 0 60 m 0 538 m Sýslumenn Fort Smith og Van Buren Waddell og Harrington Kansas City Bridge Company
Horft yfir Trail, British Columbia.jpg Old Trail Bridge [32] 1912 Columbia River Trail (British Columbia) Truss brú vegi -
(hannað fyrir lyftibrú )
-
(53 m)
0 211 m Province of British Columbia, Dept. opinberra framkvæmda Waddell og Harrington Armstrong, Morrison & Co.,
Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Co.
Black River Bridge, Jonesville.jpg LA Black River Bridge [33] 1912
(1980)
Black River Jonesville, Louisiana Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 50 m 0 256 m Louisiana og Arkansas járnbraut Waddell og Harrington Union Bridge & Construction Co.
Little River Bridge, Jonesville.jpg LA Little River Bridge [34] 1913
(1980)
Little River (Ouachita River) Jonesville, Louisiana Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 36 m 0 110 m Louisiana og Arkansas járnbraut Waddell og Harrington McClintic-Marshall Company ,
Union Bridge & Construction Co.
11. STREET Lóðrétt lyfta brú (1912). BYGGD AF SAMNINGSFYRIRTÆKI WADDELL og HARRINGTON. -Union Depot Area Study, Tacoma, Pierce County, WA HABS WASH, 27-TACO, 6-51 (cut) .jpg Murray Morgan Bridge [35] (1894)
1913
Thea Foss Waterway Tacoma ,
Washington
Truss brú vegi Lyftibrú 0 65 m 0 533 m Borgin Tacoma Waddell og Harrington American Bridge Company ,
Alþjóðasamningsfyrirtæki
Tacoma höfn 8276.JPG Ellefta götubrúin [36] 1913 Puyallup Waterway Tacoma ,
Washington
Truss og girder bridge vegi Lyftibrú
(Truss)
0 49 m 0 839 m Borgin Tacoma Waddell og Harrington
Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne og Chicago Railway, Calumet River Bridge, Spanning Calumet River, HAER ILL, 16-CHIG, 163-12 (cut) .jpg Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne og Chicago Railway Bridges [37] (1870s)
1913
(1964)
Calumet River Chicago ,
Illinois
Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 64 m u.þ.b. 90 m Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne og Chicago Railway Waddell og Harrington Kelly-Atkinson fyrirtækið
Pennsylvania Steel Company
Missouri Pacific St. Frances River Bridge [38] 1913
(1967)
Saint Francis River (Mississippi River) Lee County, Arkansas Truss og girder bridge járnbraut Lyftibrú
(Truss)
0 49 m 0 325 m Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Railway Waddell og Harrington Virqinia Bridge og Iron Co.,
Kansas City Bridge Company
Fairview bridge.JPG Fairview lyftubrú [39] 1913 Yellowstone áin Cartwright, Norður -Dakóta Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 83 m 0 402 m Great Northern Railway Waddell og Harrington American Bridge Company ,
Gerrick og Gerrick
ÚTGÁÐU AÐ Horfa í norðaustur, almenna hæð- Snowden Bridge, Spanning Missouri River, Nohly, Richland County, MT, HAER MONT, 42-NOH.V, 1- (klippt) .jpg Snowden Bridge [40] 1913 Missouri River Roosevelt County, Montana - Richland County, Montana Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 90 m 0 353 m Great Northern Railway Waddell og Harrington American Bridge Company ,
Union Bridge & Construction Company
Pasadena Colorado Street Bridge 2005.jpg Colorado Street Bridge (Kaliforníu) [41] 1913 Arroyo Seco (Los Angeles River) Pasadena, Kaliforníu Bogabrú
(Styrkt steypa)
vegi - - 0 447 m Borgin Pasadena Waddell og Harrington John Drake Mercereau
(Mercereau Bridge and Construction Co.)
Union Street Railroad Bridge.jpeg Union Street Railroad Bridge [42] 1913 Willamette áin Salem (Oregon) Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 41 m 0 220 m Salem, Falls City og Western Railway Waddell og Harrington Southern Pacific Railroad
Illinois River Lift Bridge, Pekin, IL.jpg Union Pacific Illinois River Lift Bridge [43] 1913 Illinois River (Mississippi River) Pekin (Illinois) Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 53 m 0 892 m Chicago og North Western Railway Waddell og Harrington Kelly-Atkinson Construction Co.
King Bridge Company
Mooringsport LA Bridges.jpg Caddo Lake Drawbridge [44] 1914 Caddo Lake Viðlegukantur ,
Louisiana
Truss brú vegi Lyftibrú 0 29 m 0 175 m Caddo sókn Waddell og Harrington Midland Bridge Company
VIA Canadian Ashcroft Sub Cisco.jpg CN Cisco Bridge [45] 1914 Fraser River Lytton, Breska Kólumbía Truss - bogabrú járnbraut - - 0 247 m Canadian Northern Railway Waddell og Harrington Dominion Bridge Company,
Armstrong, Morrison & Co.
Lytton CNR Fraser Bridge 2017-06.png CN Lytton Fraser Bridge [45] 1914 Fraser River Lytton, Breska Kólumbía Truss brú járnbraut - - 0 245 m Canadian Northern Railway Waddell og Harrington Dominion Bridge Company,
Armstrong, Morrison & Co.
Lytton CNR Thompson Bridge.jpg CN Lytton Thompson Bridge [45] 1914 Thompson River (Fraser River) Lytton, Breska Kólumbía Truss brú járnbraut - - 0 182 m Canadian Northern Railway Waddell og Harrington Dominion Bridge Company,
The John Galt Construction Co.
North Thompson River.jpg North Thompson lyftubrú [46] [45] 1914 North Thompson River Kamloops ,
breska Kólumbía
Girðbrú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 28 m u.þ.b. 410 m Canadian Northern Railway Waddell og Harrington Dominion Bridge Company
12th Street Viaduct.jpg 12th Street Viaduct [47] 1914 N / A Kansas City (Missouri) Girder bridge / viaduct
(Styrkt steypa)
vegi - - 0 626 m Borgin Kansas City, Mo. Waddell og Harrington Byggingarfélag Graff
ALMENNT útsýni yfir lyftubrú frá 18. götu brú, útlit suðvestur. -Pennsylvania Railroad, South Branch Chicago River Bridge, Spanning South Branch of Chicago River HAER ILL, 16-CHIG, 152-1.tif Canal Street Railroad Bridge [48] (1883)
1914
Chicago River Chicago ,
Illinois
Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 83 m 116 m Pennsylvania járnbraut Waddell og Harrington JC Bland
(Yfirverkfræðingur, PRR)
Lake Shore og Michigan Southern Railway Bridge nr. 6.jpg Lake Shore og Michigan Southern Railway Bridges [37] (?)
1915
(1969)
Calumet River Chicago ,
Illinois
Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 64 m u.þ.b. 90 m Lake Shore og Michigan Southern Railway Waddell og Harrington
Interstate Br lyftistig - frá Hayden Island.jpg Interstate Bridge [49] 1917 Columbia River Portland (Oregon) - Vancouver (Washington) Truss brú vegi Lyftibrú 0 84 m 1076 m Columbia River Interstate Bridge Commission Waddell og Harrington
(frá 1916 Harrington, Howard & Ash )
Porter Brothers í Portland
Bridge í Swope Park, Kansas City, Mo.jpg Gregory Boulevard Bridge [50] 1917 Blue River (Missouri River) Kansas City (Missouri) Bogabrú
(Styrkt steypa)
vegi - - 0 213 m Borgin Kansas City, Mo. Waddell & Son Horton Concrete Construction Co.
Rostov járnbrautarbrýr.jpg Rostov lyftubrú [51]
(Ростовский разводной железнодорожный мост)
1918
(1943)
Don (Azovhaf) Rostov á Don Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 64 m 0 294 m Norður -Hvíta járnbrautin Waddell & Son
(Drög að lyftibrúnni)
Lyftistig Fourteenth Street Bridge over Portland Canal, Ohio River at Louisville, Kentucky 88c030.jpg Fourteenth Street Bridge (1870)
1919
Ohio River Louisville (Kentucky) Truss brú járnbraut Lyftibrú 0 79 m 1614 m Pennsylvania járnbraut Waddell & Son
(Drög að lyftibrúnni)
JC Bland
(Yfirverkfræðingur, PRR)
Washington Bridge CT eins og sést frá Stratford.jpg Washington Bridge (Connecticut) [52] (1803, 1894)
1921
Housatonic áin Milford, Connecticut - Stratford, Connecticut Bogabrú
(Styrkt steypa)
vegi Bascule brú
(Truss)
0 46 m 0 262 m Connecticut þjóðvegadeild Waddell & Son
(Drög að grunnbrúnni)
Bethlehem Steel Company ,
T. Stuart & Son Company
Mystic River Bascule Bridge lokun.JPG Mystic River Bascule Bridge [53] (1819–1904)
1922
Mystic River (Connecticut) Mystic (Connecticut) Girðbrú vegi Bascule brú 0 26 m 0 0 66 m Connecticut þjóðvegadeild Waddell & Son
ásamt
Thomas E. Brown & Son
American Bridge Company ,
JE Fitzgerald Company
Southard Street Bridge [54] 1922 Raritan and Delaware Canal Trenton (New Jersey) Balkenbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 0 22 m 0 114 m Mercer County Waddell & Son
Black Warrior River Bridge, 1922.jpg Black Warrior River Bridge [2] [55] 1922 Black Warrior River Tuscaloosa ,
Alabama
Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 0 57 m ? Alabama State Highway Department Entwurf
Allen Street Bridge [56] 1923 Cowlitz River Kelso (Washington) Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 0 33 m 0 214 m Washington State Highway Department Entwurf Pacific Bridge Company
Portsmouth Memorial Bridge 04.jpg World War Memorial Bridge [57] 1923 Piscataqua River Portsmouth (New Hampshire)Kittery , Maine Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 0 91 m 0 366 m Joint Bridge Commission of Maine and New Hampshire Entwurf American Bridge Company
Lexington Bridge.jpg Lexington Bridge (Missouri River) [58] 1925
(2005)
Missouri River Lexington (Missouri) Fachwerkbrücke Straße 0 936 m Lexington Chamber of Commerce,
Missouri State Highway Department
Entwurf American Bridge Company ,
Kansas City Bridge Company
CRRNJ Newark Bay Bridge.jpg CNJ Newark Bay Bridge [59] (1864, 1901)
1926
(1980)
Newark Bay Elizabeth (New Jersey)Bayonne (New Jersey) Fachwerk- und Balkenbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke
(Fachwerk)
0 91 m
0 64 m
2259 m Central Railroad of New Jersey Entwurf
USS Epperson (DD-719) and USS Robert A. Owens (DD-827) at Bath Iron Works in January 1948 (cut).jpg Carlton Bridge [60] 1927 Kennebec River Bath (Maine)Woolwich (Maine) Fachwerkbrücke Eisenbahn,
Straße
Hubbrücke 0 71 m 944 m Kennebec Bridge Commission Entwurf McClintic-Marshall Company
DSCN1727 outerbridge crossing from tottenville.jpg Outerbridge Crossing [61] 1928 Arthur Kill Perth Amboy , New JerseyStaten Island , New York City Fachwerk - Gerberträgerbrücke Straße 3091 m Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Entwurf
Goethals Bridge.JPG Goethals Bridge [61] 1928 Arthur Kill Elizabeth (New Jersey)Staten Island , New York City Fachwerk - Gerberträgerbrücke Straße 2461 m Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Entwurf
Snohomish River Bridge on SR 529 in 2009.jpg Snohomish River Bridge [62] 1928 Snohomish River Everett (Washington) Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 0 43 m 0 817 m Washington State Highway Department Waddell & Hardesty
(Entwurf der Hubbrücke)
Charles E. Andrew
(Chefingenieur, Department of Highways)
Lower Hack Lift Bridge 1979.jpg Lower Hack Lift Bridge [63] (?)
1928
Hackensack River Jersey City ,
New Jersey
Fachwerk- und Balkenbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke
(Fachwerk)
0 60 m 0 451 m Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Waddell & Hardesty GJ Ray
(Chefingenieur, DL&W)
San Francisco Bay Toll-Bridge [64] 1929
(1968)
Bucht von San Francisco San Mateo (Kalifornien)Hayward (Kalifornien) Fachwerk- und Trestle-Brücke Straße Hubbrücke
(Fachwerk)
0 91 m ca.
11.300 m
San Francisco Bay Toll-Bridge Company Waddell & Hardesty Murphy-Pacific Corp.,
Raymond Concrete Pile Co.
2018 Cairo Mississippi River Bridge.jpg Cairo Mississippi River Bridge [65] 1929 Mississippi River Cairo (Illinois) Fachwerk - Gerberträgerbrücke Straße 1577 m Cairo Bridge and Terminal Company Waddell & Hardesty American Bridge Company ,
Missouri Valley Bridge and Iron Co.
California Zephyr crossing the Benicia-Martinez Railroad Drawbridge (1), May 2019.JPG Benicia–Martinez Bridge [2] [66] 1930 Carquinez-Straße Benicia ( Kalifornien ) – Martinez (Kalifornien) Fachwerkbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke 100 m 1708 m Southern Pacific Railroad Waddell & Hardesty American Bridge Company
LV Lift Bridge W63d St jeh.jpg Upper Bay Bridge [2] [67] (1913)
1930
Newark Bay Newark (New Jersey)Bayonne (New Jersey) Fachwerk- und Balkenbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke
(Fachwerk)
0 99 m 0 928 m Pennsylvania Railroad Waddell & Hardesty
PATH Lift Bridge Hackensack River.jpg PATH Lift Bridge [2] [68] (1894)
1930
Hackensack River Hudson County ,
New Jersey
Fachwerk- und Balkenbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke
(Fachwerk)
101 m ca. 380 m Pennsylvania Railroad Waddell & Hardesty Bethlehem Steel Company
Newark Av freight bridge from PATH jeh.jpg Harsimus Branch Lift Bridge [2] [69] (1894)
1930
Hackensack River Hudson County ,
New Jersey
Fachwerk- und Balkenbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke
(Fachwerk)
0 63 m ca. 920 m Pennsylvania Railroad Waddell & Hardesty Phoenix Bridge Company
P5250032 Toledo Bridge & PennCentral RR.jpg Anthony Wayne Bridge [70] 1931 Maumee River Toledo (Ohio) Hängebrücke Straße 0 980 m City of Toledo Waddell & Hardesty McClintic-Marshall Company
Eagle Avenue Viaduct Bridge - Cleveland Ohio.jpg Eagle Avenue Bridge [71] 1931 Cuyahoga River Cleveland ,
Ohio
Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 0 66 m 0 0 90 m ? Waddell & Hardesty
Seventh Street-Black River Bridge.jpg Seventh Street Bridge (Black River) [72] 1932 Black River (St. Clair River) Port Huron ,
Michigan
Balkenbrücke Straße Klappbrücke 0 35 m 0 0 35 m City of Port Huron Entwurf
zusammen mit
Earle R. Whitmore
(City Engineer)
Wisconsin Bridge and Iron Company
Gray and Menands Bridge, Troy, N. Y. (cut).jpg Menands Bridge [61] [73] 1933 Hudson River Colonie (New York)Troy (New York) Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 104 m 0 461 m ? Waddell & Hardesty
(Entwurf der Hubbrücke)
The New Dunn Memorial Bridge connecting Albany and Rensselaer, N. Y..jpg Dunn Memorial Bridge [61] [74] (1882)
1933
(1969)
Hudson River Albany (New York)Rensselaer (New York) Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 104 m ? ? Waddell & Hardesty
(Entwurf der Hubbrücke)
Winant Avenue Bridge 20070720.jpg Winant Avenue Bridge [75] 1934 Hackensack River Bergen County ,
New Jersey
Balkenbrücke Straße Klappbrücke 0 56 m 0 472 m New Jersey State Highway Department Waddell & Hardesty Rodgers and Haggarty
Naheola Bridge [2] [76] 1935 Tombigbee River Choctaw County (Alabama)Marengo County ( Alabama ) Fachwerkbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke 0 49 m ca. 900 m Meridian and Bigbee Railroad Waddell & Hardesty
Dock Bridge Newark June 2015 panorama 1.jpg Dock Bridge 1935
1937
Passaic River NewarkHarrison ,
New Jersey
Fachwerkbrücke Eisenbahn Hubbrücke 0 70 m 0 158 m Pennsylvania Railroad Waddell & Hardesty TW Pinard
(Chefingenieur, PRR)
B&T 3800 (7337567620).jpg Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge [77] 1937 Jamaica Bay New York City ,
New York
Fachwerkbrücke Straße Hubbrücke 165 m 1226 m City of New York Waddell & Hardesty
zusammen mit
Robinson & Steinman ,
Madigan-Hyland
American Bridge Company ,
Frederic Snare Corporation,
Emil Praeger
(Chefingenieur, City of New York)

Literatur

Weblinks

Einzelnachweise

  1. Legacy of Waddell & Harrington Sets Stage for Future Success. Hardesty & Hanover, abgerufen am 18. Oktober 2020.
  2. a b c d e f g h William E. Nyman: Dr. JAL Waddell's Contributions to Vertical Lift Bridge Design. Heavy Movable Structures Inc., 9th Biennial Movable Bridge Symposium, 22.–25. Oktober 2002 (Tabelle 3a und 3b: Vertical Lift Bridges Designed By Dr. JAL Waddell's Firms).
  3. Justin M. Spivey, Haven Hawley: Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway, Calumet River Bridge. HAER IL-156, Chicago Bridges Recording Project, 2001.
  4. JAL Waddell: Bridge Engineering. Band 1, Wiley, New York 1916, S. 717–746 ( Digitalisat ).
  5. Horace H. Herr, Arthur N. Alkire (Editor): Men of Affairs in Greater Kansas City, 1912: A Newspaper Reference Work. Kansas City Press Club, Gate City Press, Kansas City, Mo. 1912, S. 106.
  6. Carrie Westlake Whitney: Kansas City, Missouri: Its History and Its People 1808-1908. Band 2, SJ Clarke Pub. Co., Chicago 1908, S. 291 f.
  7. The Red Rock Cantilever Bridge. In: Engineering News. Vol. 24, 4. Oktober 1890, S. 303–305.
  8. a b The New Bridge. In: Omaha Railway News-Reporter. Annual Review, 1893–1894, S. 88 f.; Bridge Across the Missouri River at East Omaha, Nebraska. In: Railroad Gazette. Vol. 35, Nr. 4, 1903, S. 62 f.; Missouri River Bridge of the Omaha Bridge & Terminal Railway Company. In: Railroad Gazette. Vol. 38, Nr. 8, 1905, S. 156–158; JAL Waddell: Bridge Engineering. Wiley, New York 1916, Band 1, S. 694 f. ( Digitalisat ) und Band 2, S. 1174 ( Digitalisat ).
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  10. Martha H. Bowers, John Hotopp, Hans Muessig, Robert Ryan: Pacific Shortline Bridge, US Route 20,spanning Missouri River, Sioux City, Woodbury County, IA. HAER IA-1, National Park Service, Washington, DC 1980; Combination Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 3. November 2020.
  11. The Bridge Celebration: The New Bridge is Now Open For Traffic. In: The State Republican. 21. Mai 1896, S. 2; Erika Woehlk: The Bridges of Jefferson City. The Missouri State Archives … Where History Begins, Fall 2016, S. 6; First Jefferson City Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 6. November 2020.
  12. Construction Work on the Tennessee Central Ry. In: Railway and Engineering Review. Vol. 40, 4. August 1900, S. 430–432; FIMX - Piney Creek Trestle. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 10. November 2020.
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  14. Toledo Terminal Railroad Bridge. HistoricBridges.org; Toledo Terminal - Upper Maumee River Swing Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, jeweils abgerufen am 30. Oktober 2020.
  15. The New Westminster Bridge over the Fraser River, British Columbia. In: Engineering News-Record. Vol. 53, Nr. 24, 1905, S. 611–614; New Westminster Railway Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 29. Oktober 2020.
  16. Report of the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works of the Province of British Columbia: For the Fiscal Year 1903–04. British Columbia, Legislative Assembly, Victoria, BC 1905, S. C16; Veera Bonner, Witte Sisters, Irene E. Bliss, Hazel Henry Litterick: Chilcotin: Preserving Pioneer Memories. Heritage House Publishing Co, 1995, ISBN 1-895811-34-1 , S. 31–34.
  17. David B. Crampton: Old St. Charles Bridge (Old Route 40 Bridge). HAER MO-30, National Park Service, Denver, Colorado 1989.
  18. JA Lahmer: The Sixth Street Viaduct in Kansas City. In: Railroad Gazette. Vol. 42, Nr. 15, 1907, S. 521–524; Intercity Viaduct. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 30. Oktober 2020
  19. Lisa Soderberg: North 23st Street Bridge. HAER Inventory, Department of the Interior, Washington, DC 1979.
  20. Lisa Soderberg: North 21st Street Bridge. HAER Inventory, Department of the Interior, Washington, DC 1979.
  21. Morton Prouty: Keithsburg Lift Bridge. In: The Bridgemen's Magazine. Vol. 10, 1910, S. 364; JAL Waddell: Bridge Engineering. Band 1, Wiley, New York 1916, S. 724 ( Digitalisat ); M&StL - Keithsburg Lift Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 18. Oktober 2020.
  22. The Iowa Central Black Hawk Chute Bridge. In: Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way. Vol. 11, Februar 1915, S. 52–54;M&StL - Black Hawk Chute Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 3. November 2020.
  23. Small Vertical-Lift Drawbridges. In: Engineering News. Vol. 68, 18. Juli 1912, S. 99–101; Lake Pend Oreille Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 17. Oktober 2020.
  24. Lift-Span of the Hawthorne A venue Bridge, Portland, ORE. In: Engineering Record, Building Record and Sanitary Engineer. Vol. 63, Nr. 14, 1911, S. 381 f.
  25. Sacramento River Bridge Replacement on FAS-1079. Environmental Impact Statement, Tehama County 1975, S. 5–7 u. Appendix B ( eingeschränkte Vorschau in der Google-Buchsuche); Tehama Lift Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 22. Oktober 2020.
  26. LDRR - Delcambre Canal Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 22. Oktober 2020.
  27. Report of the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works of the Province of British Columbia: For the Fiscal Year 1910–11. British Columbia, Legislative Assembly, Victoria, BC 1912, S. J9; Wandy Fraser: Old Bridge is the second bridge on that site. Lillooet News, 9. Oktober 2013; Lillooet Old Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 14. November 2020.
  28. The Construction of the Cambie Street Bridge at Vancouver, BC In: Contract Record and Engineering Review. Vol. 26, Nr. 19, 1912, S. 58–60.
  29. Steel Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 14. Oktober 2020.
  30. Robert W. Hadlow: Historic Columbia River Highway, Sandy River Bridge at Troutdale. HAER OR-36-A, Washington, DC 1995, S. 7–10; Troutdale Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 23. Oktober 2020.
  31. Fort Smith-Van Buren Free Bridge. BridgeHunter.com; Ft. Smith/Van Buren Free Bridge. The Arkansas-Boston Mountains Chapter National Railway Historical Society, jeweils abgerufen am 24. Oktober 2020.
  32. Ernest E. Howard: A Highway Bridge with Provision for a Future Draw Span; Trail, BC In: Engineering News-Record. Vol. 68, Nr. 23, 1912, S. 1056 f.; Old Trail Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 27. Oktober 2020.
  33. LOAM - Black River Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 24. Oktober 2020.
  34. Little River Bridge, L. & A. Ry. In: Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way. Vol. 10, September 1914, S. 360–364; LOAM - Little River Bridge (Archie). BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 24. Oktober 2020.
  35. Murray Morgan Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 15. Oktober 2020.
  36. 11th Street Bridge. HistoricBridges.org; Eleventh Street Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, jeweils abgerufen am 23. Oktober 2020.
  37. a b WJ Howard: Erection of Cable Lift Bridge. In: Engineering News. Vol. 70, Nr. 11, S. 500 f.; Justin M. Spivey, Haven Hawley: Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway, Calumet River Bridge. HAER IL-156, Chicago Bridges Recording Project, 2001; Calumet River Norfolk Southern Railroad Bridges. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 21. Oktober 2020.
  38. CE Smith: Vertical Lift Bridge Over St. Francis River Near Marianna, Arkansas. In: Bulletin - American Railway Engineering Association. Nr. 150, 1912, S. 236–244; MP - St Francis River Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 24. Oktober 2020.
  39. Mark Hufstetler: Fairview Lift Bridge. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Butte, Montana 1996; JAL Waddell: Bridge Engineering. Wiley, New York 1916, Band 1, S. 737 f. ( Digitalisat ).
  40. Kevin Murphy: Snowden Bridge (Nohly Bridge). HAER MT-27, National Park Service, Washington, DC 1984.
  41. Deborah Slaton: Colorado Street Bridge, Spanning Arroyo Seco at Colorado Boulevard, Pasadena, Los Angeles County, CA. HAER CA-58, National Park Service, San Francisco 1988.
  42. David Skilton, Virginia Green, Sarah Jalving: Union Street Railroad Bridge and Trestle. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Salem Urban Development Department, 2005.
  43. Chicago & Northwestern Extension in Illinois. In: Railway Age Gazette. Vol. 56, Nr. 21, 1914, S. 1143–1145; UP - Illinois River Lift Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 25. Oktober 2020.
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  45. a b c d John L. Harrington: The Canadian Northern Pacific Railway Bridges of British Columbia. In: Contract Record and Engineering Review. Vol. 28, Nr. 23, 1914, S. 737–741.
  46. Deck Girder-Bridge with Girder Lift Span, Kamloops, BC, North Thompson River. In: Engineering News. Vol. 71, Nr. 9, 1914, S. 460 f.
  47. 12th Street Viaduct. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 18. Oktober 2020.
  48. WL Smith, WW Priest: The Design and Erection of the Pennsylvania Lift Bridge No. 458 Over the South Branch of the Chicago River. In: Journal of the Western Society of Engineers. Vol. 20, Nr. 5, 1915, S. 478–500; Canal Street Railroad Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 21. Oktober 2020.
  49. John L. Harrington, Ernest E. Howard: Final Report: The Columbia River Interstate Bridge. AW Hirsch, 1918; Phil Dougherty: Columbia River Interstate Bridge. HistoryLink.org Essay 20952, abgerufen am 20. Oktober 2020.
  50. Kansas City Park Improvements. In: Parks & Recreation. Vol. 1, Nr. 3, April 1918, S. 49–51; Gregory Boulevard Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 15. November 2020.
  51. JAL Waddell: Bridge Engineering. Band 1, Wiley, New York 1916, S. 740 u. 742 ( Digitalisat ); Justin M. Spivey, Haven Hawley: Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railway, Calumet River Bridge. HAER IL-156, Chicago Bridges Recording Project, 2001, S. 53.
  52. Richard L. Saunders: The New Washington Bridge Over the Housatonic River. In: Connecticut Society of Civil Engineers Proceedings. 1921, S. 106–110.
  53. Thomas E. Brown, William G. Grove: A Bascule Bridge of New Type and Its Construction. In: Engineering News-Record. Vol. 91, Nr. 10, 1923, S. 374–377; Bruce Clouette: Mystic River Bridge, Spanning Mystic River at US Route 1, Groton, New London County, CT. HAER CT-174, National Park Service, Philadelphia 1996.
  54. Richard L. Saunders: Bids Aug. 23.: Construction of Vidauct. In: Engineering News-Record. Vol. 87, Nr. 6, 1921, S. 78; Southard Street Viaduct Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 24. Oktober 2020.
  55. Black Warrior River Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 2. November 2020.
  56. Ninth Biennial Report of the Supervisor of Highways 1920-22. Washington State Highways Department, 1922, S. 69;Allen Street Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 3. November 2020.
  57. Garry Tow, William E. Nickoley, Cristina Brosio: Making Waddell Work in the 21st Century. Heavy Movable Structures Inc., 12th Biennial Movable Bridge Symposium, 3.–6. November 2008; World War Memorial Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 18. Oktober 2020.
  58. Thomas Gubbels: Lexington Bridge, Spanning Missouri River at State Route 13, Lexington, Lafayette County, MO. HAER MO-111, National Park Service, Omaha 2003; Lexington Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 5. November 2020
  59. Kevin Murphy: Central Railroad of New Jersey: Newark Bay Lift Bridge. HAER NJ-37, National Park Service, Washington, DC 1984; CNJ - Newark Bay Lift Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 18. Oktober 2020.
  60. Glenn A. Knoblock: Historic Iron and Steel Bridges in Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont. McFarland, Jefferson 2012, ISBN 978-0-7864-4843-2 , S. 146 f.
  61. a b c d Mead & Hunt: Contextual Study of New York State's Pre-1961 Bridges. New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT), 1999, S. 85.
  62. Craig E. Holstine, Richard Hobbs: Spanning Washington: Historic Highway Bridges of the Evergreen State. Washington State Univ. Press, 2005, ISBN 0-87422-281-8 , S. 249; Snohomish River Bridge (Northbound). BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 19. Oktober 2020.
  63. DL & W. Completes Three-Track Lift-Span Bridge. In: Railway Age. Vol. 85, Nr. 19, 1928, S. 917–923 ( eingeschränkte Vorschau in der Google-Buchsuche).
  64. San Mateo Bridges Tie County to Valleys. The Times, San Mateo, California, 7. Oktober 1936 (Newspapers.com); San Francisco Bay Toll-Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 23. Oktober 2020.
  65. Clayton B. Fraser: Cairo Bridge (Birds Point Bridge, Mississippi River Bridge). Missouri Historic Bridge Inventory, MISS01, 1992; Cairo Mississippi River Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 11. November 2020.
  66. Charles F. Goodrich: The Martinez-Benicia Bridge: A Double Track Railroad Structure 5603 Feet Long Completed 1930; a Description of the Design and Erection of the Steel Superstructure Built for Southern Pacific Company by American Bridge Company. American Bridge Company, United States Steel Corporation, 1930;UP - Carquinez Strait Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 31. Oktober 2020.
  67. CRCX - Upper Bay Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 1. November 2020.
  68. PATH - Hackensack River Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 1. November 2020.
  69. CRCX - Harsimus Branch Lift. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 1. November 2020.
  70. Arne Arthur Jakkula: A History of Suspension Bridges in Bibliographical Form. Federal Works Agency, Public Roads Administration, 1941, S. 311 ( eingeschränkte Vorschau in der Google-Buchsuche); Anthony Wayne Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 11. November 2020.
  71. Eagle Avenue Viaduct. HistoricBridges.org; Eagle Avenue Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, jeweils abgerufen am 26. Oktober 2020.
  72. Charlene K. Roise: Michigan MPS Seventh Street - Black River Bridge. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form, Hess, Roise and Company, Minneapolis 1998; 7th Street Bridge. HistoricBridges.org, abgerufen am 14. November 2020.
  73. Troy-Menands Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 29. Oktober 2020.
  74. Dunn Memorial Lift Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 29. Oktober 2020.
  75. Route 46 over Hackensack River, Conrail & Homestead Place. Historic Bridge Survey (1991–1994), New Jersey Department of Transportation, 2001, S. 134.
  76. MNBR - Naheola Bridge. BridgeHunter.com, abgerufen am 1. November 2020.
  77. Marine Parkway Bridge. bridgesnyc.com, Bridges in the New York Metropolitan Area, abgerufen am 22. Oktober 2020.